Continuing on our theme of “Folly to be wise ..”.
Wisdom is spoken of highly in the Bible, something to be sort after, something to be treasured. A gift that will bring a person wealth and prosperity, but if ignored, or treated unkindly, or unjustly, could also turn on the person and cause them great harm. Is it folly to seek wisdom knowing that it is fickle and untrustworthy? And why describe it as a woman? Was that the patriarchal view of the women in the centuries over which the instructions in the Book of Proverbs was collected? Or could there be a more interesting challenge? Was Wisdom a being that interacted with the living, much as the angels do today? People experience God’s grace today, through miracles of many sorts, through visions and prophecy. Could Wisdom have been one of the messengers that humans were meant to trust, and in falling, then become a being people were warned against? Could the description in Chapter 9 of the wise woman and the foolish one, so very much alike, be a subtle way of reminding people not to trust someone who offers you treasures from unknown sources? (Proverbs 9:2 compared with 9:17)
If we did a direct comparison between the first section and the second section of the chapter we can clearly see the differences between the wise woman and the the woman given many names ‘strange’ or ‘loose’. She is described as a prostitute, loud and ignorant, but her words are the same as the woman who would be wise .. so why do we differentiate between the two? How does this confusing, and often threatening, speech teach us wisdom? The motto of this Book is “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and discipline”. How do we apply it here?
Wisdom seems to have two different messages. To the wise she offers food and wine she has mixed herself, to the simple she offers illicit pleasures. My first thought was what had she mixed in the wine? She still believes the wise are immature and require her guidance or need to be led. What measuring stick do we use to review Wisdom’s character? Do we find it in the New Testament in James 3:13-18?
1 Wisdom has built her house, she has hewn her seven pillars.
Why does Wisdom specify seven pillars in her house? The number seven means ‘complete’ – God took six days to create the world and on the seventh day he rested. Does that relate to what is written? There does not seem to be a clear answer, so let us begin by reviewing them through James 3:13-18?
13 Who is wise and understanding among you? Show by your good life that your works are done with gentleness born of wisdom.
14 But if you have bitter envy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not be boastful and false to the truth.
15 Such wisdom does not come down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, devilish.
16 For where there is envy and selfish ambition, there will also be disorder and wickedness of every kind.
17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of mercy and good fruits, without a trace of partiality or hypocrisy.
18 And a harvest of righteousness is sown in peace for those who make peace.
Given Wisdom’s behaviour in Proverbs 1:24-28 I do not think we can describe ‘her’ as pure, peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of mercy and good fruits or partiality (given she only calls to the simple(-minded)) or hypocrisy .
Another writer (1) says that the seven pillars of ‘wisdom’s solid foundation’ (of her house) are found in Proverbs 8:12-14
12 I, wisdom, live with prudence, and I attain knowledge and discretion.
13 The fear of the Lord is hatred of evil. Pride and arrogance and the way of evil and perverted speech I hate.
14 I have good advice and sound wisdom; I have insight, I have strength.
I enjoyed that webpage for the show of confusion that the Wisdom literature creates. To start with, it was not the best translation, but after the writer says that Wisdom lives in a house with a woman called Prudence I had to keep reading. I read it four times just to make sure I was not mistaken. I do not think the writer realised exactly how the words would be taken, but it is a good example of how we see what we want to see in the Bible – myself included. And to stretch the point, another writer on the internet decided that Wisdom and Prudence were married to each other .. only many churches are not happy with same sex marriages, and certainly not during the centuries when the ‘wisdom’ was gathered, so perhaps we will discount that one.
And this lady (2) gives us another version. She writes: “I’ve always wondered what the seven pillars of wisdom were. After studying the seven-fold anointing spoken of in Isaiah 11:2, I concluded that the seven pillars of wisdom must be the seven aspects of the Holy Spirit of the Lord. Isaiah 11:2 says, “The spirit of the Lord shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord“. But there are only six, so I guess it is disqualified.
Wikipedia (3) gives us a slightly different set, calling them the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge, fortitude, piety and fear of the Lord .. which they define as ‘wonder’.
Where does that get us? We agree that no one is sure what the seven pillars of Wisdom’s house are. The notes in my NOAB (4) state “9:1 Seven pillars may allude simply to the pillars of Wisdom’s house or may suggest the pillars on which the earth was founded”. (Job 9:6, 26:11, Ps 74:3) (Can we read that as the commentator appearing to believe that Wisdom was a living person?) And everyone appears to agree that we should fear the Lord, apart from me.
And then there is the possibility that the building of the house refers to when Wisdom says she helped create the world, an ‘understanding’ which was anticipated in the Babylonian Talmud (6) where the Talmud explains the purpose of Adam’s creation on the even of the sabbath “that he might straightway go in to the banquet. The matter may be compared to a kind of flesh and blood who built palaces and furnished them, prepared a banquet, and thereafter brought in guests”.
We shall move on …
Proverbs 2 – 18
2 She has slaughtered her animals, she has mixed her wine, she has also set her table.
3 She has sent out her servant-girls, she calls from the highest places in the town,
4 “You that are simple, turn in here!”
Were the servant girls Wisdom’s procurers? In modern times we see them in the streets outside restaurants, cafes, bars and brothels. The verse continues ..
To those without sense she says
5 “Come and drink of the wine I have mixed.
6 Lay aside immaturity, and live, and walk in the way of insight”.
Why address this to only ‘those without sense’? Wouldn’t the wise also like to join a feast? I wonder if the ancients had hallucinogenic drinks that provided ‘insight’, or certainly visions of some kind? The seers at Delphi would sit over volcanic fumes and then the priests would interpret their ‘prophecies’. Mixing wine with spices was not unusual, but what was mixed into it that required a person to ‘grow up’ (something we say to immature people even today) and ‘live, and walk in the way of insight’ (while smoking the peyote smoked by the Amerindians to get advice from their gods? Or modern people getting stoned for fun? (7))
And then did someone so severely doubt her that they said so at which point a comment like this might sound wise. Was she trying to tell them to “fear the Lord” and they scoffed at her ..
7 Whoever corrects a scoffer wins abuse; whoever rebukes the wicked gets hurt.
8 A scoffer who is rebuked will only hate you; the wise, when rebuked, will love you.
9 Give instruction to the wise, and they will become wiser still; teach the righteous and they will gain in learning.
10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.
11 For by me your days will be multiplied, and years will be added to your life.
12 If you are wise, you are wise for yourself; if you scoff, you alone will bear it.
Is this a promise she thought she could make – to multiply the days and years of someone’s life literally, or do we take it as an allegory, that Wisdom will help a person live longer? Did she think she could do this herself, or that the Lord would do this for anyone she directed to him?
And then the theme changes completely, and we are advised that this next woman is a fool, called Dame Folly in the NIB, and yet her behaviour is much the same as the wise woman ..
13 The foolish woman is loud; she is ignorant and knows nothing.
14 She sits at the door of her house, on a seat at the high places of the town,
15 calling to those who pass by, who are going straight on their way,
16 “You who are simple, turn in here!” And to those without sense she says,
17 “Stolen water is sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant”.
Perhaps she was being more honest than Wisdom? She offered the foolish ‘stolen water’ and secret bread, which in the end would kill them (v. 18). My NOAB (5) comments that the ‘stolen water’ is probably a euphemism for illicit sex, with a reference to Proverbs 5:15-21. The comment about those ‘who are going straight on their way’ might suggest that the lady wants to lead them off the straight/right path and into iniquity, if not death?
18 But they do not know that the dead are there, that her guests are in the depths of Sheol.
Who else would have her guests in Sheol, a name given to hell, than a fallen angel?
Strangely, but not unexpectedly, here is a perfect example of where the commentators choose to ignore what they cannot explain. The NOAB (8) completely ignores verses 11-16 and the brief comment in the NIB (9) is “9:13-18 The chapter and the book’s first major section now conclude. Dame Folly is an explicit contrast to Wisdom in v 16, even to the point of making an identical invitation (v. 4 = v. 16). But this passage also sums up virtually every theme expressed in Proverbs 1-9 by means of its repetition of key words. In particular, Dame Folly masterfully integrates the portrait of Folly as a seduction to bogus good, in contrast to the genuine good of Wisdom.”
Only Wisdom is definitely not genuinely good.
A few last thoughts – were the sayings gathered together in these chapters of Proverbs because the lady was writing her autobiography, and/or someone later thought them wise? To some degree this whole section reminds me of God in Job professing the wonder of being God while punishing the innocent. Either that or someone, in the far future, is going to find a book like Anne Rice’s “Interview with a Vampire” and think its actually history. If someone came to me offering me sweet words and sweet wine, I would be wondering what they wanted. Does that make me wise or the fool? When a couple came from a Christian Sect offering me “God their way”, I tested their waters through their writings briefly and then they ran away. Don’t question someone too deeply or they might get very uncomfortable. Is that what wasn’t done here, the words were accepted, confusion and all, by Irenaeus and his cohort, much as they accepted Job, because it appears they are wise .. but on close reading you find the snake still in the garden whispering “bite the apple, Eve”.
(Yes, I know it wasn’t an apple, but when I was a child I was taught that it was by a number of ministers of various Christian churches, different denominations. You have to wonder who trained them!)
Thank you for reading …
(1) Wisdom creates confusion http://www.bridgetothebible.com/Bible%20Lists/7%20Pillars%20of%20Wisdom.htm
(2) Seven Pillars of Wisdom – http://www.charismamag.com/spirit/devotionals/around-the-word-in-365-days/?aid=2939
(3) Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_gifts_of_the_Holy_Spirit
(4) The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 4th Edition, New Revised, Standard Version, with the Apocrypha. MD Coogan, Editor, Oxford University Press, 2010, page 907
(5) ibid page 903
(6) The New Interpreter’s Bible, A Commentary in Twelve Volumes, Abingdon Press, Nashville, 1997, Proverbs 9, page 101
(7) Hallucinogenics in Ancient Israel – http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/israeli-town-yavneh-had-thriving-drug-culture-3000-years-ago-003159
(8) The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 4th Edition, New Revised, Standard Version, with the Apocrypha. MD Coogan, Editor, Oxford University Press, 2010, Proverbs, page 907
(9) The New Interpreter’s Bible, A Commentary in Twelve Volumes, Abingdon Press, Nashville, 1997, Proverbs 9, page 103